you have been getting a hair perm for
some time now or you have been thinking about perming
hair. Have you ever wondered how a hair perm can
curly - almost permanently? Understanding what makes
a permanent wave work will help you appreciate what
makes a good perm
and what does not.
hair is an extremely strong and versatile
fiber. It incorporates physical and chemical properties
allow us to do all kinds of interesting things with it
in order to improve our appearance. For people who
hair a permanent wave can make the difference between
looking good or looking bad. Permanent waves are
easy to do
that your hair stylist knows how to do them properly),
don't take much time and are the best method for
giving hair body
and fullness and makes
a hairstyle styled (after the hair perm) in waves and
style much longer
than without the perm. A perm also
gives your cut and
longer than one day.
what makes the curl "permanent"? It happens
through the magic of chemistry. Obviously you figure that
it must be the permanent solution which makes the curl
permanent. This is true but it is not the whole story.
Hair is 97% protein
(keratin) and contains three important bonds that give
hair its strength. They are disulphide bonds, hydrogen
salt bonds. The disulphide bonds play the main role in
changing your straight hair into a permanent curl or wave.
The first step is to
wind wet hair around the perm rods. The action of winding
the hair around the rods creates tension, compression and
with the addition of the perm lotion causes the formation
of a permanent curl.
processing time of the hair perm
is very important. Hair that is tinted or streaked needs
less processing time because it is
more porous. The
perm lotion is able to penetrate the hair faster. It's best
to adhere to the product instructions.
it is not processed long enough
the curls or wave will be weak. Now, if the processing
time exceeds 30 minutes the result will be over processed
which will lack bounce and elasticity. Over processed hair
perms will easily become freezy in the slighest humidity.
your hair has processed
for the correct amount of time, your hair will have a curl,
but not a permanent curl - you will need to add another
important step to this procedure.
Well, the next miracle of a permanent
wave is the very important second step, which
is to apply a neutralizer on each perm rod after the hair
has been processed. The function of the neutralizer is to
ensure that the new shape of the hair becomes permanent.
There you have it. Now
you have a permanent curl. The timing for neutralizing your
perm is also important. It usually takes 7 minutes. If the
neutralizer stays on much longer than that it will have the
reverse effect on your perm. Some of the newly formed disulphide
bonds will not stay together after a few weeks.
What do you think makes a curl tight
or loose? Does it depend on how long you process
the perm or the size of the perm rods?
Many people think that
the difference between a small and a large curl is determined
by how long the perm processes. I often hear clients
say, "don't leave it on too long. I don't want it to be too
curly." Hair stylists check perm rods every few minutes,
worried that if they leave them on a few minutes longer the
hair will become too curly. It is the size of the rods that
will determine how curly or wavy your hair will be. If you
want to have a large curl, which can also be described as
a loose perm or a body perm, then you will need a perm rod
with a bigger diameter. If you want more body in your hair
you will need a perm rod which has a smaller diameter.
are a few more details
which concern winding the perm rods and applying the perm
lotion. In order to get a really good perm your hair stylist
has to be very particular about winding the perm. It is important
that the sections for each rod are not more than 1 centimeter
thick and that each section is only three-quarters of the
length of the permanent rod. (There are exceptions to the
rule. For examplte for certain hair stylies that should not
have volume close to the scalp like on longer hair). Also
for hair styles that need really good body the section to
the correct angle.
hairstyle has some volume which looks flattering. Having
a hair perm will keep the style this
way for several days. It's nice to wake up in the morning
your hair make you look fabulous. However, if you do not
style your hair after shampooing it would just be curly.
But when you style your hair - the best way is a proper blow
styling with a round brush (not simply drying it with a blow
dryer) then you will have a hairstyle like this.